Incentives for Consumers

DSIRE Database

Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE) is a comprehensive source of state and federal incentives. Go to this page and filter by Maryland/Residential to find all current information about incentives for renewables and efficiency programs. Detailed information is provided directly by the jurisdiction offering the incentive.

​State Incentives & Programs

Local Incentives & Programs

Check with your local county government finance office to see if they offer tax incentives for renewables.

Utility Rebate Programs

Federal Incentives & Programs

Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit  

This incentive program is open to residential projects. Applicable technologies include: solar water heat, photovoltaics, and other solar electric technologies; wind; fuel cells and fuel cells using renewable fuels; and geothermal heat pumps. The program expires on 12/31/21.

Established by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the federal tax credit for residential energy property initially applied to solar-electric systems, solar water heating systems and fuel cells. The Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008 (H.R. 1424) extended the tax credit to small wind-energy systems and geothermal heat pumps, effective January 1, 2008. Other key revisions included an eight-year extension of the credit to December 31, 2016; the ability to take the credit against the alternative minimum tax; and the removal of the $2,000 credit limit for solar-electric systems beginning in 2009. The credit was further enhanced in February 2009 by The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (H.R. 1: Div. B, Sec. 1122, p. 46), which removed the maximum credit amount for all eligible technologies (except fuel cells) placed in service after 2008.

Tax credits are 30 percent of the total project cost, with the following maximums: $2,000 for solar-electric systems placed in service before 1/1/2009; $2,000 for solar water heaters placed in service before 1/1/2009; $4,000 for wind turbines placed in service in 2008; $2,000 for geothermal heat pumps placed in service in 2008; $500 per 0.5 kW for fuel cells.

Energy-Efficient Mortgages

This incentive program is open to residential projects. Applicable technologies include: passive and active solar space heat, solar water heat, photovoltaics, and daylighting.

Homeowners can take advantage of energy efficient mortgages (EEM) to either finance energy efficiency improvements to existing homes, including renewable energy technologies, or to increase their home buying power with the purchase of a new energy efficient home. The U.S. federal government supports these loans by insuring them through Federal Housing Authority (FHA) or Veterans Affairs (VA) programs. This allows borrowers who might otherwise be denied loans to pursue energy efficiency, and it secures lenders against loan default.